Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Ph.D.

Senior Research Scientist
Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition (IHMC)

Cell: +1 (850) 232-4345
Office: +1 (850) 202-4462
Fax: +1 (850) 202-4440

40 South Alcaniz Street
Pensacola, Florida 32502
USA

jbradshaw@ihmc.us
www.ihmc.us/groups/jbradshaw

On leave of absence July 2016–July 2018, but reachable during this period by email and cell phone.

Biography

Jeffrey M. Bradshaw (PhD, Cognitive Science, University of Washington) is a Senior Research Scientist at the Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition (IHMC) in Pensacola, Florida (www.ihmc.us/groups/jbradshaw; Wikipedia). His professional writings have explored a wide range of topics in human and machine intelligence (www.jeffreymbradshaw.net). From 1985 to 2000, Bradshaw led research groups at The Boeing Company. Jeff is an Honorary Visiting Researcher at the University of Edinburgh, a former Visiting Professor at the Institut de Cognitique at the University of Bordeaux, and a member of the Graduate Faculty, Human-Centered Design Institute of the Florida Institute of Technology.

Though his earliest publications were focused on memory and language, Jeff’s research focus soon turned to a wide variety of topics relating human and machine intelligence. With Ken Ford, he edited the seminal volume Knowledge Acquisition as a Modeling Activity, and became well-known for his role in helping develop a suite of successful methodologies and tools for automated knowledge acquisition (ETS, Aquinas, Axotl, Canard, DDUCKS, eQuality). While at Boeing, he also led industry-wide efforts in aviation safety and training technologies, founding the emerging technologies group of the Aviation Industry Computer-Based Training Committee (AICC). He also provided technical leadership for projects to improve long-term follow-up care delivery for bone-marrow transplantation at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

Jeff helped pioneer the research area of multi-agent systems, and his first book on the topic, Software Agents, became a classic in the field and a best-seller for The MIT Press. In addition, Jeff’s group at IHMC conducts research topics such as digital policy, identity management, semantic technologies, cyber sensemaking, self-driving cars, and visualizations that exploit principles of human perception and cognition. Results have been applied to scores of commercial and government applications. Jeff has organized a series of Human-Agent-Robot Teamwork (HART) workshops. He chairs the Scientific Advisory Council for the Nissan Research Center—Silicon Valley and was a co-editor of the Human-Centered Computing Department for IEEE Intelligent Systems.

Jeff has been the recipient of several awards and patents and has been an adviser for weighty initiatives in science, defense, space, industry, and academia worldwide. He was a member of the Defense Science Board 2015 Study on Autonomy, the Board on Global Science and Technology for the National Academies of Science, and the National Research Council Committee on Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience Research. He is former chair of ACM SIGART (now SIGAI) and the RIACS Science Council for NASA Ames. He was a scientific advisor to the Cognitive Science Program at Sandia National Laboratories, the HCI and Visualization program at the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), and to the Japanese NEC Technology Paradigm Shifts initiative. He received the Web Intelligence Consortium Outstanding Contributions Award.

Jeff was a missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in France and Belgium from 1975–1977, and his family has returned twice to live in France: once from 1993–1994 as a Fulbright Scholar and a second time from 2005–2006 as an unexpected “sabbatical” in the aftermath of Hurricane Ivan. Jeff has served twice as a bishop and twice as a counselor in the stake presidency of the Pensacola Florida Stake. He and his wife, Kathleen, are the parents of four children and ten grandchildren. In July 2016, they began two years of service in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kinshasa Mission.

Cognition, Memory, and Language

Ning Zhong, J.M. Bradshaw, Jiming Liu, and John G. Taylor. Brain Informatics. IEEE Intelligent Systems 26, no. 5 (2011): 16–21. PDF.

Green, C., D. Griffin, J. Blascovich, J.M. Bradshaw, S. Bunce, J. Gannon, M. Gazzaniga, E. Loftus, G. Moore, J. Moreno, J. Rasure, M. Rintoul, N. Schwade, R. Smith, K. Walch, and A. Young. Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience Technologies and Applications. Report of the Committee on Military and Intelligence Methodology for Emergent Neurophysiological and Cognitive/Neural Science Research in the Next Two Decades. National Research Council. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2008. Link. Executive summary.

Brown, B.L. and J.M. Bradshaw. Towards a Social Psychology of Voice Variations. In Language and the Paradigms of Social Psychology, edited by H. Giles and R.N. St. Clair. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawernce Erlbaum, 1985. PDF.

Dodd, D. H. and J.M. Bradshaw. Leading questions and memory: Pragmatic constraints. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 19, no. 6 (1980): 695–704. PDF.

Knowledge Acquisition, Design Rationale Capture, and Ontological Modeling

Design Considerations for Ontology Evolution in Loosely Coupled Development Communities. MIT/LL and IHMC, Cambridge, MA, 2013.

Bradshaw, J.M. From knowledge science to symbiosis science. Invited paper for special issue on “Twenty-Five years of Knowledge Acquisition”, International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 71:2 (2012) 171–176. PDF. Brian Gaines BRETAM diagram.

Tijerino, Yuri A., El-Bassuny, Tarek Helmy & Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. FAQIH: Framework for Agent-Based Query-Enabled Integrated Information for Health and Nutrition. Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology (WI-IAT ’08), Sidney, Australia, 9–12 December 2008. Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Society, 3:550–553. PDF.

Haudot, Luc, Marc Sicard, Patrick Esquirol, Pierre Lopez, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “A knowledge acquisition approach for the ergonomical design of cooperative systesm: The SCOOP project experiment.” Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Human-Machine Interaction and Artificial Intelligence in Aerospace—From Operations to Design: Closing the Loop, Toulouse, France, September 28–29, 1995. Table of contents. Related paper. Related paper.

Almond, R.G., J.M. Bradshaw, and D. Madigan. “Reuse and sharing of graphical belief network components.” In Selecting Models from Data: AI and Statistics IV, edited by P. Cheeseman and R.W. Oldford, 113–22. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1994. PDF.

Madigan, D., A.E. Raftery, J.C. York, J.M. Bradshaw, and R.G. Almond. “Strategies for graphical model selection.” In Selecting Models from Data: AI and Statistics IV, edited by P. Cheeseman and R.W. Oldford, 91–100. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1994. PDF.

Boose, John H., Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Joseph L. Koszarek, David B. Shema. Knowledge Acquisition Techniques for Group Decision Support. Knowledge Acquisition Journal, 5:4, December 1993, pp. 405–448. PDF.

Tanner, Steve, and Ray Carnes. “AI research and application development at Boeing’s Huntsville Laboratories.” AI Magazine, Summer 1993, 57–66. PDF. Link. (accessed July 21, 2016).

Ford, K., Bradshaw, J.M., Adams-Webber, J.R. & Agnew, N.M. Knowledge acquisition as a constructive modeling activity. In Knowledge Acquisition as Modeling, edited by K.M. Ford and J.M. Bradshaw, pp. 9–32. New York: John Wiley, 1993. PDF.

Ford, K.M. and J.M. Bradshaw, eds. Knowledge Acquisition as Modeling. New York City, NY: John Wiley, 1993. Link.

Bradshaw, J.M., K.M. Ford, J.R. Adams-Webber, and J.H. Boose. Beyond the repertory grid: New approaches to constructivist knowledge acquisition tool development. In Knowledge Acquisition as Modeling, edited by K.M. Ford and J.M. Bradshaw, 287–333. New York City, NY: John Wiley, 1993. Also in K. M. Ford & J.M. Bradshaw (Eds.), special knowledge acquisition issue of the International Journal of Intelligent Systems 8, no. 1 (1993), 287–333. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., P.D. Holm, J.H. Boose, D. Skuce, and T.C. Lethbridge. “Sharable ontologies as a basis for communication and collaboration in conceptual modeling.” Proceedings of the Seventh Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems Workshop, Banff, Alberta, Canada, October 11–16, 1992, 3.1–3.25. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M. & J.H. Boose. Mediating representations for knowledge acquisition. Working Notes of the AAAI-92 Spring Symposium on Reasoning with Diagrammatic Representations, Stanford, CA: Stanford University, March 1992. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., P. Holm, O. Kipersztok, and T. Nguyen. eQuality: An application of DDUCKS to process management. In Current Developments in Knowledge Acquisition: EKAW-92, edited by T. Wetter, K-D Althoff, J.H. Boose, B.R. Gaines, M. Linster and F. Schmalhofer, 425–44. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 1992. PDF.

Boose, John H., Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, and David Shema. “Blending machine learning and interactive elicitation for design rationale capture. Position statement 5 of panel by Thomas Gruber, Catherine Baudin, John Boose, and Jay Weber, Design rationale capture as knowledge acquisition: Tradeoffs in the design of interactive tools.” In Machine Learning: Proceedings of the Eighth International Workshop (ML91), edited by Lawrence A. Birnbaum and Gregg C. Collins, 6–8. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 1991. PDF. Link. (accessed July 21, 2016).

Bradshaw, J.M., S.P. Covington, P.J. Russo, and J.H. Boose. Knowledge acquisition techniques for decision analysis using Axotl and Aquinas. Knowledge Acquisition 3, no. 1 (1991): 49–77. PDF.

Boose, John H., David B. Shema, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. “Capturing design knowledge for engineering trade studies.” In Current Trends in Knowledge Acquisition, edited by Bob Wielinga, John H. Boose, Brian R. Gaines, Guus Shreiber and Maarten van Someren, 78–89. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press, 1990. PDF. Link. (accessed July 21, 2016).

Bradshaw, J.M., S.P. Covington, P.J. Russo, and J.H. Boose. Knowledge acquisition techniques for intelligent decision systems: Integrating Aquinas and Axotl in DDUCKS. In Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, edited by M. Henrion, R. Shachter, L.N. Kanal and J. Lemmer. Vol. 5, 255–70. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1990. PDF.

Meyer, Mary A., Jane M. Booker, and J.M. Bradshaw. A flexible six-step program for defining and handling bias in knowledge elicitation. In Current Trends in Knowledge Acquisition, edited by Bob Wielinga, John H. Boose, Brian R. Gaines, Guus Schreiber and Maarten Van Someren. Amsterdam: IOS Press, 1990. PDF.

Shema, D. B., J.M. Bradshaw, S. P. Covington, and J. H. Boose. Design knowledge capture and alternatives generation using possibility tables in Canard. Knowledge Acquisition 2, no. 4 (1990): 345–64. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M. and J.H. Boose. Decision analysis techniques for knowledge acquisition: Combining information and preferences using Aquinas. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 32, no. 2 (1990): 121–86. PDF.

Boose, J.H., J.M. Bradshaw, C.M. Kitto, and D.B. Shema. “From ETS to Aquinas: Six years of knowledge acquisition tool development.” Proceedings of the Fourth Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems Workshop, Banff, Alberta, Canada, October 1989, 5.1–17. PDF.

Boose, J.H., D.B. Shema, and J.M. Bradshaw. “Recent progress in Aquinas: A knowledge acquisition workbench.” Knowledge Acquisition 1, no. 2 (1989): 185–214. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., J.H. Boose, S.P. Covington, and P.J. Russo. “How to do with grids what people say you can’t.” Proceedings of the Third Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems Workshop, Banff, Alberta, Canada 1988, 4.1–4.20. PDF.

Shaw, M.L.G., J.M. Bradshaw, B.R. Gaines, and J.H. Boose. “Rapid prototyping techniques for expert systems.” Proceedings of the Fourth IEEE Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications, San Diego, CA, March 14–18, 1988, 34–39. PDF.

Boose, John H. and J.M. Bradshaw. Expertise transfer and complex problems: using Aquinas as a knowledge acquisition workbench for knowledge-based systems. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 26(1), 1987, 3–28. Reprinted in Knowledge Acquisition Tools for Expert Systems, edited by John H. Boose and Brian R. Gaines. Knowledge-Based Systems Series 1, London: Academic Press, 1998, 39–64. Also in Readings in Knowledge Acquisition and Learning, edited by Bruce G. Buchanan and David C. Wilkins. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 1993, 240–252. PDF. PDF.

Software Agents and Multi-Agent Systems

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. Designing Software Agents: Perils, Pitfalls, and Promise, Part 1 of 2. Presentation and discussion at the Vivint Innovation Center, Lehi, Utah, 21 May 2016. Video

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. Designing Software Agents: Perils, Pitfalls, and Promise, Part 2 of 2. Presentation and discussion at the Vivint Innovation Center, Lehi, Utah, 28 June 2016. Video

Bunch, L., M. Carvalho, J.M. Bradshaw, T. Eskridge, P.J. Feltovich, J. Lott, and A. Uszok. Policy-Based Governance Within Luna: Why We Developed Yet Another Agent Framework. Software Agent Teamwork for the Semantic Web 2012 Workshop in conjunction with the 2012 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology (WI-IAT 2012), Macau, China, 4–7 December 2012. PDF.

Bunch, L., J.M. Bradshaw, M. Carvalho, T. Eskridge, P. Feltovich, J. Lott and A. Uszok. Human-Agent Teamwork in Cyber Operations: Supporting Co-Evolution of Tasks and Artifacts with Luna. Invited Paper in Ingo J. Timm and Christian Guttmann (eds.), Multiagent System Technologies: Proceedings of the Tenth German Conference on Multiagent System Technologies (MATES 2012), Trier, Germany, 10–12 October 2012. Berlin, Germany: Springer, LNAI 7598, pp. 53–67. PDF. Video.

Bunch, Larry, Maggie R. Breedy, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Marco M. Carvalho, Niranjan Suri. KARMEN: Multi-agent Monitoring and Notification for Complex Processes. HoloMAS 2005: 197–206. PDF.

Bunch, Larry, Breedy, Maggie, Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., Carvalho, Marco, Danks, David, and Suri, Niranjan. Flexible automated monitoring and notification for complex processes using KARMEN. IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Proceedings of the International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC), Tucson, AZ, 19–22 March 2005, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, pp. 443–448. PDF.

Bunch, Larry, Maggie R. Breedy, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Marco M. Carvalho, Niranjan Suri, Andrzej Uszok, Jack Hansen, Michal Pechoucek, Vladimír Marík. Software agents for process monitoring and notification. SAC 2004: 94–100. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Giacomo Cabri, and Rebecca Montanari. Taking back cyberspace. IEEE Computer, July 2003, 89–92. PDF.

Suri, Niranjan, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Mark Burstein, Andrzej Uszok, Brett Benyo, Maggie Breedy, Marco Carvalho, David Diller, Renia Jeffers, Matt Johnson, Shri Kulkarni, and James Lott. DAML-based Policy Enforcement for Semantic Data Transformation and Filtering in Multi-agent Systems. Vladimir Marik, Jörg Müller, and Michal Pechoucek (eds.), Multi-Agent Systems and Applications III: Proceedings of The Third International Central and Eastern European Conference on Multi-Agent Systems (CEEMAS 2003), 16–18 June, Prague, Czech Republic. LNAI 2691. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2003, pp. 122–135. PDF.

Allsopp, David, Patrick Beautement, J.M. Bradshaw, Ed Durfee, Michael Kirton, Craig Knoblock, Niranjan Suri, Austin Tate, and Craig Thompson. Coalition Agents Experiment: Multiagent cooperation in international coalitions. Austin Tate, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, and Michal Pechoucek (Eds.), Special issue of IEEE Intelligent Systems 17, no. 3 (May/June 2002): 26–35. PDF. Related paper.

Bradshaw, J.M., Niranjan Suri, M. R. Breedy, Alberto Canas, Robert Davis, Kenneth M. Ford, Robert Hoffman, R. Jeffers, Shri Kulkarni, James Lott, Thomas Reichherzer, and Andrzej Uszok. Terraforming cyberspace. In Process Coordination and Ubiquitous Computing, edited by Dan C. Marinescu and Craig Lee, 165–85. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2002. Updated and expanded version of an article that originally appeared in IEEE Intelligent Systems, July 2001, 49–56. PDF.

Zhong, N., Liu, J., Ohsuga, S., and Bradshaw, J.M. Intelligent Agent Technology: Proceedings of the Second Asia-Pacific Conference on IAT. River Edge, NJ: World Scientific, 2001.

Bradshaw, J.M. and Arnold, G., eds. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Practical Applications of Intelligent Agents and Multi-Agent Technology (PAAM00). Manchester, England. Blackpool, England: The Practical Application Company, Ltd, 2000.

Etzioni, O., J. P. Müller, and J.M. Bradshaw, eds. Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference on Autonomous Agents. New York City, NY: ACM Press, 1999. Link.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., Yuri Gawdiak, Alberto Cañas, Robert Carpenter, Jim Chen, Robert Cranfill, Jim Gibson, Kim Hubbard, Renia Jeffers, Mike Kerstetter, Nathalie Mathé, Luis Poblete, Tom Robinson, Amy Sun, Niranjan Suri, Shawn Wolfe, and Isabelle Bichindaritz. “Toward an intelligent aviation extranet.” Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction in Aeronautics (HCI-Aero 98), Montreal, Quebec, Canada 1998, 171–76. PDF.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., Stewart Dutfield, Pete Benoit, and John D. Woolley. “KAoS: Toward an industrial-strength generic agent architecture.” In Software Agents, edited by J. M. Bradshaw, 375–418. Cambridge, MA: AAAI Press/The MIT Press, 1997. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., ed. Software Agents. Cambridge, MA: The AAAI Press/The MIT Press, 1997. Link.

Bradshaw, J.M. An introduction to software agents. In Software Agents, edited by J. M. Bradshaw, 3–46. Cambridge, MA: AAAI Press/The MIT Press, 1997. PDF.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “KAoS: An open agent architecture supporting reuse, interoperability, and extensibility.” 2 vols. Vol. 2. Proceedings of the Tenth Banff Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems Workshop, Banff, Alberta, Canada, November 9–14, 1996, 48:1-48:20. PDF.

Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Stewart Dutfield, Bob Carpenter, Renia Jeffers, Tom Robinson. KAoS: A Generic Agent Architecture for Aerospace Applications. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM ’95), Workshop on Intelligent Information Agents, 1–2 December 1995, Baltimore, MD. PDF.

Agent Conversation Policies

Greaves, Mark, Heather Holmback, and J.M. Bradshaw. What is a conversation policy? In Issues in Agent Communication, edited by Frank Dignum and Mark Greaves. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1916. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 118–131, 2000. PDF

Holmback, Heather, Mark Greaves, and J.M. Bradshaw. “Agent A, can you pass the salt?”: The role of pragmatics in agent communication. Presented at the Proceedings of Autonomous Agents ’99, Seattle, WA, 1–5 May, 1999, 368–69. PDF.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., Mark Greaves, Heather Holmback, Wayne Jansen, Tom Karygiannis, Barry Silverman, Niranjan Suri, and Alex Wong. Agents for the masses: Is it possible to make development of sophisticated agents simple enough to be practical? IEEE Intelligent Systems, March–April 1999, 53–63. PDF

Smith, Ira A., Phil R. Cohen, J.M. Bradshaw, Mark Greaves, and Heather Holmback. Designing conversation policies using joint intention theory. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Multi-Agent Systems (ICMAS-98), Paris, France, 2–8 July 1998, 269–76. PDF.

Medical Applications of Intelligent Systems

Bichindaritz, Isabelle, J.M. Bradshaw, and Keith Sullivan. Distributed reuse of knowledge in a computerized decision support system for bone-marrow post-transplant care over the World-Wide Web. Proceedings of the 1997 American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) Annual Fall Symposium, Nashville, TN, October 25–29, 1997, 844. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Robert Carpenter, Robert Cranfill, Renia Jeffers, Luis Poblete, Tom Robinson, Amy Sun, Yuri Gawdiak, Isabelle Bichindaritz, and Keith M. Sullivan. Roles for agent technology in knowledge management: Examples from applications in aerospace and medicine. Presented at the AAAI Symposium on Knowledge Management, edited by Brian R. Gaines and R. Uthurusamy. Stanford, CA: Stanford University, March 24–26, 1997. Published in AAAI Press Technical Report SS-97-01, March, pp. 9–16. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., C. Richard Chapman, Keith M. Sullivan, Russell G. Almond, David Madigan, Debra Zarley, J. Gavrin, Janet Nims, and Nigel Bush. KS-3000: An application of DDUCKS to bone-marrow transplant patient support. Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Florida AI Research Symposium (FLAIRS ’93), Ft. Lauderdale, FL, 18–21 April 1993, 89–95. PDF.

Agent Games and Simulations

Dignum, Frank, J.M. Bradshaw, Barry Silverman, William van Doesburg, eds. Agents for Games and Simulations: Trends in Techniques, Concepts and Design. Heidelberg Germany: Springer, 2010. Link.

Virtual Machines

Suri, Niranjan, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Maggie R. Breedy, Kenneth M. Ford, Paul T. Groth, Gregory A. Hill, and Raul Saavedra. State capture and resource control for java: The design and implementation of the aroma virtual machine. Proceedings of the First USENIX Java Virtual Machine Research and Technology Symposium, Usenix, 23–24 April 2001, Monterey, CA, USENIX Association, 2001. PDF.

Mobile Agents

Niranjan Suri, Marco Carvalho, Robert W. Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. Small Mobile Agent Platforms. Proceedings of Autonomous Agents & Multi-Agent Systems, Workshop on Ubiquitous Agents on Embedded, Wearable and Mobile Devices. July, 2002. PDF.

Adler, Mark, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Michael Mahan, and Niranjan Suri. Applying Mobile Agents to Enable Dynamic, Context-Aware Interaction for Mobile Phone Users. S. Pierre and R. Glitho (eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Mobile Agents for Telecommunication Applications (MATA ’01), 14–16 August 2001, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. LNCS 2164, London, UK: Springer-Verlag, pp. 184–194. PDF.

Suri, Niranjan, Paul T. Groth, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. While You’re Away: A System for Load-Balancing and Resource Sharing Based on Mobile Agents. Proceedings of the First IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster Computing and the Grid (CCGrid 2001), Brisbane, Australia, 15–18 May 2001. Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Society Press, 2001, pp. 470–473. PDF.

Policy Representation and Reasoning

Bradshaw, J.M., A. Uszok, and R. Montanari. Policy-Based Governance of Complex Distributed Systems: What Past Trends Can Teach Us about Future Requirements. In Suri, N. and Cabri, G. (eds). Engineering Adaptive and Resilient Computing Systems. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, 2014, 259–284. PDF.

Uszok, A., L. Bunch, J.M. Bradshaw, T. Reichherzer, J. Hanna, and A. Frantz. Knowledge-based approaches to information management in coalition environments. IEEE Intelligent Systems, January/February 2013 (vol. 28 iss. 1), pp. 34–41. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M. A. Uszok, M. Breedy, L. Bunch, T.C. Eskridge, P.J. Feltovich, M. Johnson, J. Lott, and M. Vignati. The KAoS Policy Services Framework. Poster and paper for presentation at the Eighth Cyber Security and Information Intelligence Research Workshop (CSIIRW 2013). Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Labs, January 2013. PDF. Poster.

Joseph, Susan, Andrea Westerinen, J.M. Bradshaw, Peter Sell, and Sandi Roddy. Digital Policy Management: Be part of the solution, not the problem. In RSA Conference, 28 February 2012. Link.

Uszok, Andrzej, J.M. Bradshaw, James Lott, Matthew Johnson, Maggie Breedy, Michael Vignati, Keith Whittaker, Kim Jakubowski, Jeffrey Bowcock. Toward a Flexible Ontology-Based Policy Approach for Network Operations Using the KAoS Framework. Proceedings of the 2011 Military Communications Conference (MILCOM 2011). New York City, NY: IEEE Press, November 2011, pp. 1108–1114. PDF.

Suri, N., M. Marcon, A. Uszok, M. Breedy, J.M. Bradshaw, M. Carvalho, J. Hanna, R. Hillman, A. Sinclair, and V. Combs. A dynamic and policy-controlled approach to federating information systems. In Proceedings of the 2010 Military Communications Conference (MILCOM 2010), New York City, NY: IEEE Press, October 2010, pp. 2028–2033. PDF.

A. Uszok, J.M. Bradshaw, T. Eskridge, J. Hanna. Rapid Creation and Deployment of Communities of Interest Using the CMap Ontology Editor and the KAoS Policy Services Framework. Proceedings of the 2nd Networked Digital Technologies Conference (CCIS 87). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag. 2010. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M. How to do with OWL what people say you can’t. Invited keynote. 2008 IEEE Conference on Policy, Palisades, NY, 2–4 June 2008. PDF

Uszok, Andrzej, J.M. Bradshaw, Maggie R. Breedy, Larry Bunch, Paul Feltovich, Matthew Johnson, and Hyuckchul Jung. New developments in ontology-based policy management: Increasing the practicality and comprehensiveness of KAoS. In Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE Conference on Policy. Palisades, NY, 2–4 June 2008. PDF.

Johnson, Matthew, J.M. Bradshaw, Hyuckchul Jung, Niranjan Suri, and Marco Carvalho. Policy management across multiple platforms and application domains. Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE Conference on Policy, Palisades, NY, 2–4 June 2008. PDF.

Bunch, Larry, J.M. Bradshaw, Clifford O. Young. Policy-governed information exchange in a U.S. Army operational scenario. Demonstration Track of the 2008 IEEE Conference on Policy, Palisades, NY, 2–4 June. PDF.

Montanari, Rebecca, Alessandra Toninelli, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. Context-based Security Management for Multi-Agent Systems. Proceedings of the Second IEEE Symposium on Multi-Agent Security and Survivability (MAS&S 2005), Philadelphia, PA: Drexel University, 30–31 August 2005. PDF.

Toninelli, Alessandra, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Lalana Kagal, and Rebecca Montanari. Rule-based and Ontology-based Policies: Toward a Hybrid Approach to Control Agents in Pervasive Environments. Proceedings of the 2005 International Semantic Web Conference, Semantic Web and Policy Workshop. PDF.

Moreau, Luc, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Maggie R. Breedy, Larry Bunch, Patrick J. Hayes, Matt Johnson, Shriniwas Kulkarni, James Lott, Niranjan Suri, and Andrzej Uszok. Behavioural specification of grid services with the KAoS policy language. CCGRID 2005: 816–823. PDF.

Uszok, A., J.M. Bradshaw, R. Jeffers, A. Tate, and J. Dalton. Applying KAoS services to ensure policy compliance for semantic web services workflow composition and enactment. In The Semantic Web—ISWC 2004, Proceedings of the Third International Semantic Web Conference, edited by Sheila A. McIlraith, Dimitris Plexousakis, and Frank van Harmelen. Hiroshima, Japan, 7–11 November 2004. LNCS 3298, Berlin, Germany: Springer, 425–440. PDF.

Tonti, Gianluca, Rebecca Montanari, J.M. Bradshaw, Larry Bunch, Renia Jeffers, Niranjan Suri, and Andrzej Uszok. Automated generation of enforcement mechanisms for semantically-rich policies in Java-based multi-agent systems. Proceedings of the First IEEE Symposium on Multi-Agent Security and Survivability (MAS&S 2004). Philadelphia, PA: Drexel University, 30–31 August 2004. PDF.

Uszok, Andrzej, J.M. Bradshaw, Matthew Johnson, Renia Jeffers, Austin Tate, Jeff Dalton, and Stuart Aitken. KAoS policy management for semantic web services. IEEE Intelligent Systems 19, no. 4 (July/August 2004): 32–41. PDF.

Lott, James, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Andrzej Uszok, and Renia Jeffers. Using KAoS policy and domain services within Cougaar. Proceedings of the Open Cougaar Conference 2004, New York City, NY, 20 July, 2004, 89–95. PDF.

KAoS: A Policy and Domain Services Framework for Grid Computing and Semantic Web Services. In Christian D. Jensen Stefan Poslad, and Theo Dimitrakos (eds.), Second International Conference on Trust Management (iTrust 2004), Oxford, England, 29 March–1 April 2004, LNCS 2995, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2004, pp. 16–26. PDF.

Tonti, Gianluca, J.M. Bradshaw, Renia Jeffers, Rebecca Montanari, Niranjan Suri, and Andrzej Uszok. Semantic Web languages for policy representation and reasoning: A comparison of KAoS, Rei, and Ponder. In The Semantic Web—ISWC 2003. Proceedings of the Second International Semantic Web Conference, Sanibel Island, Florida, USA, October 2003, edited by Dieter Fensel, Katia Sycara and John Mylopoulos, 419–37. LNCS 2870. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2003. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Andrzej Uszok, R. Jeffers, Niranjan Suri, Pat Hayes, Mark H. Burstein, Alessandro Acquisti, Brett Benyo, M. R. Breedy, Marco Carvalho, David Diller, Matthew Johnson, Shri Kulkarni, James Lott, Maarten Sierhuis, and Ron Van Hoof. Representation and reasoning for DAML-based policy and domain services in KAoS and Nomads. Proceedings of the Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems Conference (AAMAS 2003), Melbourne, Australia, 14–18 July 2003, 835–42. New York, NY: ACM Press, 2003. PDF.

Suri, Niranjan, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Mark Burstein, Andrzej Uszok, Brett Benyo, Maggie Breedy, Marco Carvalho, David Diller, Renia Jeffers, Matt Johnson, Shri Kulkarni, and James Lott. DAML-based Policy Enforcement for Semantic Data Transformation and Filtering in Multi-agent Systems. Vladimir Marik, Jörg Müller, and Michal Pechoucek (eds.), Multi-Agent Systems and Applications III: Proceedings of The Third International Central and Eastern European Conference on Multi-Agent Systems (CEEMAS 2003), 16–18 June, Prague, Czech Republic. LNAI 2691. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2003, pp. 122–135. PDF.

Space Applications of Human-Agent-Robot Systems

Smets, Nanja J.J.M., Jurriaan van Diggelen, Mark A. Neerincx, J.M. Bradshaw, Catholijn M. Jonker, Lennard J.V. de Rijk, Pieter A.M. Senster, Ot ten Thije, and Maarten Sierhuis. Assessing Human-Agent Teams for Future Space Missions. IEEE Intelligent Systems, September/October 2010 (vol. 25 iss. 5), pp. 46–53. PDF.

Blue Sky Team Member. Preliminary Report of the Small Pressurized Rover (SPR). IHMC Technical Report 01-2008, Submitted to NASA Exploration Systems Mission Directorate, (February 2008). PDF. Video. Video. Video.

Hoffman, R. R., J.M. Bradshaw, P.J. Hayes, and K.M. Ford. The Borg hypothesis. IEEE Intelligent Systems 18, no. 5 (September-October 2003), pp. 73–75. Reprinted in Hoffman, Robert R. (author, editor), J. M. Bradshaw, Pat Hayes, and Kenneth M. Ford (editors). Collected Essays on Human-Centered Computing, 2001–2011. New York City, NY: IEEE Press, 2012, pp. 125–127. PDF. Link.

Bradshaw, J.M., Maarten Sierhuis, Alessandro Acquisti, Paul Feltovich, Robert Hoffman, R. Jeffers, Debbie Prescott, Niranjan Suri, Andrzej Uszok, and Ron Van Hoof. Adjustable autonomy and human-agent teamwork in practice: An interim report on space applications. In Agent Autonomy, edited by Henry Hexmoor, Rino Falcone and Cristiano Castelfranchi, 243–80. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer, 2003. Republished in RTO-MP-088 (ISBN: 92-837-0031-7). NATO Research and Technology Organization Report, pp. KN6 1–30. PDF.

Sierhuis, Maarten, J.M. Bradshaw, Alessandro Acquisti, Ron Van Hoof, Renia Jeffers, and Andrzej Uszok. Human-agent teamwork and adjustable autonomy in practice. Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Automation in Space (i-SAIRAS), Nara, Japan, 19–23 May 2003. PDF.

Acquisti, Alessandro, Maarten Sierhuis, William J. Clancey, and J.M. Bradshaw. Agent-based modeling of collaboration and work practices onboard the International Space Station. Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference on Computer-Generated Forces and Behavior Representation, Orlando, FL, 7–9 May 2002. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Maarten Sierhuis, Yuri Gawdiak, Hans Thomas, and Mark Greaves. Human-centered design for the Personal Satellite Assistant. Proceedings of the ACM SIGCHI Second International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction in Aeronautics, Toulouse, France, 27–29 September 2000. Toulouse, France: Cépaduès-Éditions, 37–42. PDF. Video. Video. Video. Video. Video. Related video. Related video.

Gawdiak, Yuri, J.M. Bradshaw, Brian Williams, and Hans Thomas. R2D2 in a softball: The Personal Satellite Assistant. Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI 2000), New Orleans, LA, 2000, 125–28. PDF.

Information Sharing and Policy Barriers in Military Settings

Suri, N., A. Uszok, R. Lenzi, M. Breedy, J.M. Bradshaw, Y. Fu, J. Hanna, V. T. Combs, A. Sinclair, R. Grant. Extending net-centricity to coalition operations. IEEE Intelligent Systems, January/February 2013 (vol. 28 iss. 1), pp. 64–71. PDF.

Uszok, A., L. Bunch, J.M. Bradshaw, T. Reichherzer, J. Hanna, and A. Frantz. Knowledge-based approaches to information management in coalition environments. IEEE Intelligent Systems, January/February 2013 (vol. 28 iss. 1), pp. 34–41. PDF.

IHMC-Army CERDEC Collaboration on Policy Technologies for Joint Network Management, 2011. Video.

Suri, N., M. Marcon, A. Uszok, M. Breedy, J.M. Bradshaw, M. Carvalho, J. Hanna, R. Hillman, A. Sinclair, and V. Combs. A dynamic and policy-controlled approach to federating information systems. In Proceedings of the 2010 Military Communications Conference (MILCOM 2010), New York City, NY: IEEE Press, October 2010, pp. 2028–2033. PDF.

Suri, Niranjan, A. Uszok, R. Lenzi, M. Marcon, M. Breedy, J.M. Bradshaw, Y. Fu, J. Hanna, V. Combs, A. Sinclair, R. Grant, and R. Hillman. Extending Net-Centricity to Coalition Operations. In Proceedings of Knowledge Systems for Coalition Operations 2010 (KSCO 2010), Vancouver, BC, 21–23 September 2010. PDF.

Carvalho, M., C. Perez, and J.M. Bradshaw. Automated Risk Assessment of Sensor Information Disclosure in Coalition Operations. In Proceedings of Knowledge Systems for Coalition Operations 2010 (KSCO 2010), Vancouver, BC, 21–23 September 2010. PDF.

Matt Johnson, Larry Bunch, J.M. Bradshaw, Paul J. Feltovich, James Lott, Niranjan Suri, Maggie Breedy, and Eric Heilman. Applying Semantic Technologies, Policy Frameworks, and Dissemination Services to Support Information Gathering and Sharing. Proceedings of the Innovation and Policy Analysis Workshop, Indian Wells, CA: 6 April 2010. PDF. Video.

Paul J. Feltovich, J.M. Bradshaw, Larry Bunch, and Matthew Johnson. Policy and Social Barriers to New Military Information Technologies. Proceedings of the Innovation and Policy Analysis Workshop, Indian Wells, CA: 6 April 2010. PDF.

Suri, Niranjan, Andrzej Uszok, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Maggie Breedy, Marco Carvalho, James Hanna, Robert Hillman, Tim Hutcheson, Massimiliano Marcon, and Asher Sinclair. Supporting Federated Information Spaces with the Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI) Platform. Knowledge Systems for Coalition Operations (KSCO 2009), 31 March–1 April 2009, Southampton, UK. PDF.

Bunch, L., J.M. Bradshaw, M. Johnson, J. Lott, P. J. Feltovich, N. Suri, M. Carvalho, L. Tokarcik, R. Winkler, S. Shukla. Regulating the exchange of tactical military information using the KAoS policy services framework. In P. McDermott and L. Allender, Advanced Decision Architectures for the Warfighter: Foundations and Technology. Army Research Laboratory Advanced Decision Architectures Collaborative Technology Alliance, 48hrBooks by Alion Science & Technology Corporation (2009), pp. 73–88. PDF. Video.

Trust, Adjustable Autonomy, and Mixed-Initiative Interaction

Hoffman, R. R., Matthew Johnson, J.M. Bradshaw, and Al Underbrink. Trust in Automation. IEEE Intelligent Systems, January/February 2013 (vol. 28 iss. 1), pp. 84–88. PDF.

Hoffman, R. R., J. D. Lee, D. D. Woods, N. Shadbolt, J. Miller, and J.M. Bradshaw. The dynamics of trust in cyberdomains. IEEE Intelligent Systems (2009, Nov/Dec), pp. 5–11. Reprinted in Hoffman, Robert R. (author, editor), J. M. Bradshaw, Pat Hayes, and Kenneth M. Ford (editors). Collected Essays on Human-Centered Computing, 2001–2011. New York City, NY: IEEE Press, 2012, pp. 85–91. PDF. Link.

Lieberman, Henry, J.M. Bradshaw, Steffen Staab, eds. Proceedings of the 11th ACM/AAAI International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI 2008). Canary Islands, Spain, 13–16 January. New York City, NY: ACM, 2008. Link.

Rehak, Martin, Milos Gregor, Michal Pechoucek, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. Representing Context for Multiagent Trust Modeling. Proceedings of the IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Intelligent Agent Technology (IAT ’06), Hong Kong, 18–22 December 2006. Washington DC: IEEE Computer Society, pp. 737–746. PDF.

Olson, Lars, Marianne Winslett, Gianluca Tonti, Nathan Seeley, Andrzej Uszok, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. Trust Negotiation as an Authorization Service for Web Services. Proceedings of the 22nd IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE ’06), INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON SECURITY AND TRUST IN DECENTRALIZED/DISTRIBUTED DATA STRUCTURES (STD3S), Atlanta, GA, 3–7 April 2006, Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Society, pp. 178–187. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Hyuckchul Jung, Shri Kulkarni, Matthew Johnson, Paul Feltovich, James Allen, Larry Bunch, Nate Chambers, Lucian Galescu, Renia Jeffers, Niranjan Suri, William Taysom, and Andrzej Uszok. Toward trustworthy adjustable autonomy in KAoS. In Trusting Agents for Trustworthy Electronic Societies, edited by Rino Falcone. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2005. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Paul Feltovich, Hyuckchul Jung, Shri Kulkarni, William Taysom, and Andrzej Uszok. Dimensions of adjustable autonomy and mixed-initiative interaction. In Agents and Computational Autonomy: Potential, Risks, and Solutions. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2969, edited by Matthias Nickles, Michael Rovatsos and Gerhard Weiss, 17–39. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2004. PDF.

Joint Activity Theory and Policy-Governed Human-Agent-Robot Teamwork

Bradshaw, J. M. and Matt Johnson. Lessons learned in the theory and practical application of Human-Agent-Robot Teamwork. Invited presentation at the University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany, 17 February 2016. Video.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. Human-Agent-Robot Teamwork Through Coactive Design. Academic Ceremony on the Occasion of the Bestowal of an Honorary Doctorate for Sebastian Thrun. Invited Presentation at the TU Delft 174th Dies Natalis Seminar on Robots: Tools or Teammates? Delft, The Netherlands, 8 January 2016. Video.
“The week of… Sebastian, Jefferey & Thomas” TU Delft Delta Magazine, 11 January 2016, 48:8. Article.
“Exploring our robotic future” TU Delft Delta Magazine Online, 12 January 2016. Article.
Presentation by Sebastian Thrun at TU Delft on 8 January 2016 – “Moonshot Thinking.” Video.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. and Matthew Johnson. Progress and Prospects for Human-Machine Teamwork. Invited presentation at the International Masterclass on Robotics, Delft, Holland, 15 October 2015. Video

Johnson, M., Bradshaw, J.M., Duran, D., Vignati, M., Feltovich, P.J., Jonker, C. van Riemsdijk, M. B. RT4T: A Reconfigurable Testbed for Joint Human-Agent-Robot Teamwork. Workshop on Human-Robot Teaming, 2 March 2015, Portland, OR. Proceedings of the Tenth Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction Extended Abstracts. New York City, NY: ACM, 2015, 255–256. PDF.

Casini, E., J. Depree, N. Suri, J.M. Bradshaw, and T. Nieten. Enhancing decision-making by leveraging human intervention in large-scale sensor networks. Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE International Inter-Disciplinary Conference on Cognitive Methods in Situation Awareness and Decision Support (CogSIMA), Orlando, FL, 9–12 March 2015. New York City, NY: IEEE Press, 2015, pp. 200–205. PDF.

Casini, E., J. Depree, N. Suri, J.M. Bradshaw, and T. Nieten. Leveraging Human Oversight and Intevention in Large-Scale Parallel Processing of Open-source Data. SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing Symposium 2015, Baltimore, MD, 21 April 2015.

Johnson, M., Bradshaw, J.M., Hoffman, R. R., Feltovich, P. J., and Woods, D. D. Seven Cardinal Virtues for Human-Machine Teamwork: Examples from the DARPA Robotic Challenge. IEEE Intelligent Systems, November/December 2014 (vol. 29 iss. 6), pp. 74–80. PDF.

Hoffman, R.R., Hawley, J.K., and Bradshaw, J.M. Myths of Automation Part 2: Some Very Human Consequences. IEEE: Intelligent Systems 29:2, March–April, pp. 82–85. PDF.

Bradshaw to chair new Nissan advisory board. IHMC News, 20 March 2014. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M, Robert R. Hoffman, Matthew Johnson, and David D. Woods. The Seven Deadly Myths of “Autonomous Systems.” IEEE Intelligent Systems, May/June 2013 (vol. 28 iss. 3), pp. 54–61. PDF.

Hoffman, R. R., J.M. Bradshaw, and K. M. Ford. Introduction. In Collected Essays in Human-Centered Computing, 2001–2011. Edited by Robert R. Hoffman, Pat Hayes, Kenneth M. Ford and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, xi–xvi. New York City, NY: IEEE Press, 2012. PDF.

Chiang, M. and P. S. Wrightson (rapporteurs), J.M. Bradshaw (chair), D. Chong, G. Kaminka, G-J Kruijff, Brian Williams (committee). Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop (12–14 June 2012). Board on Global Science and Technology; Policy and Global Affairs; National Research Council, Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2012. PDF. Link

Bradshaw, J.M., Virginia Dignum, Catholijn Jonker, and Maarten Sierhuis. Guest editor introduction. HART issue, IEEE Intelligent Systems, March/April 2012 (vol. 27 iss. 2), pp. 8–13. PDF.

Guibert, Nathalie. L'armé française tentée par les robots tueurs. Le Monde. 14 November 2011, online edition. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Paul Feltovich, and Matthew Johnson. Human-Agent Interaction. In Handbook of Human-Machine Interaction, edited by Guy Boy. Ashgate, 2011, pp. 283–302. PDF.

Feltovich, Paul J., J.M. Bradshaw, and Matthew Johnson. Joint Activity in Human-Agent-Robot Teamwork. PerAda Magazine. 18 August 2010. Link.

van Diggelen, Jurriaan, J.M. Bradshaw, Matthew Johnson, Andrzej Uszok, and Paul Feltovich. Implementing collective obligations in human-agent teams using KAoS policies. Proceedings of Workshop on Coordination, Organization, Institutions and Norms (COIN), IEEE/ACM Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, Budapest, Hungary, 12 May 2009. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., P. Feltovich, M. Johnson, M. Breedy, L. Bunch, T. Eskridge, H. Jung, J. Lott, A. Uszok, J. van Diggelen. From tools to teammates: Joint activity in human-agent-robot teams. In Masaaki Kurosu (ed.) Human Centered Design (HCD 2009). Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 5619. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2009, pp. 935–944. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Paul J. Feltovich, Matthew Johnson, Larry Bunch, Maggie Breedy, Hyuckchul Jung, James Lott, and Andrzej Uszok. Coordination in human-agent-robot teamwork. Proceedings of the 2008 International Symposium on Collaborative Technologies and Systems (CTS 2008), Special Session on Collaborative Robots and Human Robot Interaction, Irvine, CA, 19–23 May 2008, 467–476. PDF.

Johnson, Matthew J., Paul Feltovich, and J.M. Bradshaw. R2 Where are you? Designing robots for collaboration with humans. Proceedings of the ICRA 2008 Workshop on Social Interaction with Intelligent Indoor Robots (SI3R 2008), Pasadena, CA, 20 May 2008. PDF.

Feltovich, Paul, J.M. Bradshaw, William J. Clancey, Matthew Johnson, and Larry Bunch. Progress appraisal as a challenging element of coordination in human and machine joint activity. Presented at Engineering Societies for the Agents World VIII, Athens Greece, October, 2007. In Engineering Societies in the Agents’ World VIII, edited by A. Artikis, G. O’Hare, K. Stathis, and G. Vouros, 124–141. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 4995. Heidelberg Germany: Springer, 2008. PDF.

Johnson, Matthew, Koji Intlekofer, Jr., Hyuckchul Jung, J.M. Bradshaw, James Allen, Niranjan Suri, and Marco Carvalho. Coordinated operations in mixed teams of humans and robots. In Proceedings of the First IEEE Conference on Distributed Human-Machine Systems (DHMS 2008), edited by Vladimir Mařík, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw and Joachim Meyer. Athens, Greece, 9–12 March 2008. PDF. Video. Video. Video. Video. Video.

Mařík, Vlad, J.M. Bradshaw, Joachim Meyer, William A. Gruver, and Petr Benda, eds. Proceedings of the First IEEE SMC International Conference on Distributed Human-Machine Systems (DHMS 2008), Athens Greece, 9–12 March 2008. Prague, Czech Republic: Czech Technical University, 2008. Link.

Feltovich, Paul, J.M. Bradshaw, William J. Clancey, and Matthew Johnson. Toward an ontology of regulation: Socially-based support for coordination in human and machine joint activity. In Engineering Societies for the Agents World VII, edited by G. O’Hare, M. O’Grady, Alessandro Ricci and O. Dikenelli, 175–192. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2007. PDF.

Boy, Guy and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. Perceived complexity versus internal complexity: Did we take into account expertise, reliability and cognitive stability? Proceedings of the Second Symposium on Resilience Engineering, November 8–10, 2006 Juan-Les-Pins, France. PDF

Johnson, Matthew, J.M. Bradshaw, Paul Feltovich, Renia Jeffers, and Andrzej Uszok. A semantically-rich policy-based approach to robot control. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation, and Robotics (ICINCO 2006). Setúbal, Portugal, 1–5 August 2006. PDF.

Feltovich, Paul and Bradshaw, J.M. “We regulate to coordinate: Human and machine joint activity.” Invited presentation, 2006 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science Award Symposium for Donald A. Norman, Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania, 27 April. Slides PDF 1 PDF 2

Klein, Gary, David D. Woods, J.M. Bradshaw, Robert Hoffman, and Paul Feltovich. Ten challenges for making automation a ‘team player’ in joint human-agent activity. IEEE Intelligent Systems 19, no. 6 (November-December 2004), 91–95. Reprinted in Hoffman, Robert R. (author, editor), J. M. Bradshaw, Pat Hayes, and Kenneth M. Ford (editors). Collected Essays on Human-Centered Computing, 2001–2011. New York City, NY: IEEE Press, 2012, pp. 69–73. PDF. Link

Bradshaw, J.M., Paul J. Feltovich, Hyuckchul Jung, Shri Kulkarni, James Allen, Larry Bunch, Nate Chambers, Lucian Galescu, Renia Jeffers, Matthew Johnson, Maarten Sierhuis, William Taysom, Andrzej Uszok, and Ron Van Hoof. Policy-based coordination in joint human-agent activity. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, The Hague, Netherlands, 10–13 October, 2029–2036. Los Alamitos: IEEE Press, 2004. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Patrick Beautement, Maggie R. Breedy, Larry Bunch, Sergey V. Drakunov, Paul J. Feltovich, Robert R. Hoffman, Renia Jeffers, Matthew Johnson, Shriniwas Kulkarni, James Lott, Anil Raj, Niranjan Suri, and Andrzej Uszok. Making agents acceptable to people. In Intelligent Technologies for Information Analysis: Advances in Agents, Data Mining, and Statistical Learning, edited by Ning Zhong and Jiming Liu, 361–400. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2004. PDF.

Feltovich, Paul, J.M. Bradshaw, Renia Jeffers, Niranjan Suri, and Andrzej Uszok. Social order and adaptability in animal and human cultures as analogues for agent communities: Toward a policy-based approach. In Engineering Societies in the Agents World IV, edited by Andrea Omicini, Paolo Petta, and Jeremy Pitt. LNAI 3071, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 21–48. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2004. PDF.

Klein, Gary, Paul J. Feltovich, J.M. Bradshaw, and David D. Woods. Common ground and coordination in joint activity. In Organizational Simulation, edited by William B. Rouse and Kenneth R. Boff, 139–84. New York City, NY: John Wiley, 2004. PDF.

Coactive Design of Human-Agent-Robot Teams

Johnson, M., J.M. Bradshaw, P. J. Feltovich, C. M. Jonker, M. B. van Riemsdijk, and M. Sierhuis. Coactive design: Designing support for interdependence in joint activity. Journal of Human-Robot Interaction, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2014, pp. 43–69. Coactive design: Designing support for interdependence in joint activity.

Johnson, Matthew, J.M. Bradshaw, Paul J. Feltovich, Catholijn Jonker, Birna van Riemsdijk, and Maarten Sierhuis. Autonomy and Interdependence in Human-Agent-Robot Teams. IEEE Intelligent Systems, March/April 2012 (vol. 27 iss. 2), pp. 43–51. PDF.

Johnson, Matthew, J.M. Bradshaw, Paul J. Feltovich, Robert R. Hoffman, Catholijn Jonker, Birna van Riemsdijk, and Maarten Sierhuis. Beyond Cooperative Robotics: The Central Role of Interdependence in Coactive Design. IEEE Intelligent Systems, May/June 2011 (vol. 26 iss. 3), pp. 81–88. Reprinted in Hoffman, Robert R. (author, editor), J. M. Bradshaw, Pat Hayes, and Kenneth M. Ford (editors). Collected Essays on Human-Centered Computing, 2001–2011. New York City, NY: IEEE Press, 2012, pp. 95–102. PDF. Link

Johnson, M., J.M. Bradshaw, P. Feltovich, C. Jonker, B. van Riemsdijk, and M. Sierhuis. The Fundamental Principle of Coactive Design: Interdependence Must Shape Autonomy. Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Agent Systems VI, M. De Vos, N. Fornara, J. Pitt, and G. Vouros, eds., Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 172–191, 2010. PDF.

Cybersecurity and Food Protection

Depiction of MIT Lincoln Laboratory’s Network Traffic using IHMC’s Network Observatory. Cover of special issue on Cyber Security for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln Laboratory Journal, 22:1, 2016. PDF.

IHMC Collaboration with the Food Protection and Defense Institute, University of Minnesota: A Homeland Security Center of Excellence, 2015. Video. Video.

Jones, Randolph M., O’Grady, Ryan, Nicholson, Denise, Hoffman, Robert, Bunch, Larry, Bradshaw, Jeffrey M., and Bolton, Ami. Modeling and Integrating Cognitive Agents Within the Emerging Cyber Domain. Proceedings of the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (I/ITSEC), Orlando, FL, 30 November–4 December 2015. New York City, NY: IEEE Press, 2015. PDF. Video. Video.

Bunch, L., J.M. Bradshaw, Robert R. Hoffman, and Matthew Johnson. Principles for Human-Centered Interaction Design, Part 2: Can Humans and Machines Think Together? IEEE Intelligent Systems, May/June 2015 (vol. 30 iss. 3), pp. 68–75. PDF.

Bunch, L., J.M. Bradshaw, and M. Vignati. The Netflow Observatory: An Interactive 3-D Event Visualization. In Proceedings of VizSec 2013: Visualization for Cyber Security, Atlanta, GA, October 2013. Poster. PDF.

Forsythe, C., Silva, A., Stevens-Adams, S., & Bradshaw, J.M. Human dimensions in cyber operations. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International 2013), 21–26 July, Las Vegas, NV. Berlin, Germany: Springer LNCS/LNAI/CCIS. PDF.

New tools counter new cyber threats. IHMC Newsletter 10:1, February 2013, pp. 3–6. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M. and M. Carvalho. Multi-agent systems for deep understanding of cyberspace. Abstract of an invited talk at the Eighth Cyber Security and Information Intelligence Research Workshop (CSIIRW 2013). Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Labs, January 2013. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M. L. Bunch, T. Eskridge, P.J. Feltovich, R.R. Hoffman, M. Johnson, and J. Lott. Human-agent teamwork for cyber sensemaking in network operations. Poster and paper for presentation at the Eighth Cyber Security and Information Intelligence Research Workshop (CSIIRW 2013). Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Labs, January 2013. Poster. PDF.

Carvalho, M.M., T. Eskridge, L. Bunch, J.M. Bradshaw, A. Dalton, P. Feltovich, and J. Lott. A human-agent teamwork command and control framework for moving target defense (MTC2). Poster and paper for presentation at the Eighth Cyber Security and Information Intelligence Research Workshop (CSIIRW 2013). Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Labs, January 2013. Poster. PDF.

Bunch, L., M. Carvalho, J.M. Bradshaw, T. Eskridge, P.J. Feltovich, J. Lott, and A. Uszok. Policy-Based Governance Within Luna: Why We Developed Yet Another Agent Framework. Software Agent Teamwork for the Semantic Web 2012 Workshop in conjunction with the 2012 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology (WI-IAT 2012), Macau, China, 4–7 December 2012. PDF.

Forsythe, Chris, Austin Silva, Susan M. Stevens-Adams, and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw. Human Dimensions in Cyber Operations: Research and Development Priorities (Sandia Report SAND 2012-9188). Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, November 2012. PDF

Bunch, L., J.M. Bradshaw, M. Carvalho, T. Eskridge, P. Feltovich, J. Lott and A. Uszok. Human-Agent Teamwork in Cyber Operations: Supporting Co-Evolution of Tasks and Artifacts with Luna. Invited Paper in Ingo J. Timm and Christian Guttmann (eds.), Multiagent System Technologies: Proceedings of the Tenth German Conference on Multiagent System Technologies (MATES 2012), Trier, Germany, 10–12 October 2012. Berlin, Germany: Springer, LNAI 7598, pp. 53–67. PDF. Video.

Bradshaw, J.M., M. Carvalho, L. Bunch, T. Eskridge, P.J. Feltovich, C. Forsythe, R.R. Hoffman, M. Johnson, D. Kidwell, and D.D. Woods. Coactive emergence as a sensemaking strategy for cyber operations. IHMC Technical Report, October 2012. Updated May 11, 2015. PDF

Carvalho, Marco, J.M. Bradshaw, Larry Bunch, Tom Eskridge, Paul J. Feltovich, Robert H. Hoffman, and Daniel Kidwell. Command and Control Requirements for Moving Target Defense. IEEE Intelligent Systems, May/June 2012 (vol. 27 iss. 3), pp. 79–85. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Marco Carvalho, Larry Bunch, Tom Eskridge, Paul Feltovich, Matt Johnson, and Dan Kidwell. Sol: An Agent-Based Framework for Cyber Situation Awareness. Künstliche Intelligenz: Volume 26, Issue 2 (2012), pp. 127–140. PDF. Video. Video. Video.

Carvalho, M., C. Perez, and J.M. Bradshaw. Automated Risk Assessment of Sensor Information Disclosure in Coalition Operations. In Proceedings of Knowledge Systems for Coalition Operations 2010 (KSCO 2010), Vancouver, BC, 21–23 September 2010. PDF.

Eskridge, T. C., D. Lecoutre, M. Johnson, and J.M. Bradshaw. Network situational awareness: A representative study. Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Visualization (HCIV 2009), Kaiserslautern, Germany, 2 March. PDF.

Learning Technologies

Dr. Bradshaw helping advance Navy technical training program. IHMC Newsletter, 10:3, 2014, p. 9. PDF.

Bradshaw, J.M., Richards, T., Fairweather, P., Buchanan, C., Guay, R., Madigan, D., and Boy, G.A. New directions for computer-based training in aerospace. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Human-Machine Interaction and Artificial Intelligence in Aerospace, Toulouse, France, 28–30 September 1993. PDF.

Human-Centered Computing

Hoffman, Robert R. (author, editor), J. M. Bradshaw, Pat Hayes, and Kenneth M. Ford (editors). Collected Essays on Human-Centered Computing, 2001–2011. New York City, NY: IEEE Press, 2012. Link

Hoffman, R. R., J.M. Bradshaw, and K. M. Ford. Introduction. In Collected Essays in Human-Centered Computing, 2001–2011. Edited by Robert R. Hoffman, Pat Hayes, Kenneth M. Ford and Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, xi–xvi. New York City, NY: IEEE Press, 2012. PDF.

Hoffman, R. R., P.A. Hancock, and J.M. Bradshaw. Metrics, metrics, metrics, Part 2: Universal metrics? IEEE Intelligent Systems 25, no. 6 (November-December 2010), pp. 93–97. Reprinted in Hoffman, Robert R. (author, editor), J. M. Bradshaw, Pat Hayes, and Kenneth M. Ford (editors). Collected Essays on Human-Centered Computing, 2001–2011. New York City, NY: IEEE Press, 2012, pp. 249–253. PDF Link

National Research Council Board on Global Science and Technology Reports

Complex Operational Decision Making in Networked Systems of Humans and Machines: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Committee on Integrating Humans, Machines and Networks: A Global Review of Data-to-Decision Technologies, 2014. PDF.

Strategic Engagement in Global S&T: Opportunities for Defense Research. Committee on Globalization of Science and Technology: Opportunities and Challenges for the Department of Defense, 2014. PDF.

The New Global Ecosystem in Advanced Computing: Implications for U.S. Competitiveness and National Security. Committee on Global Approaches to Advanced Computing, 2012. PDF.

Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration: Summary of a Workshop, 2012. PDF.

A View of Global Science and Technology: Letter Report. Committee on Going Global: Lessons Learned from International Meetings on Science and Technology, 2011. PDF.

Defense Science Board Reports

Final Report of the Defense Science Board Summer Study on Autonomy. Publicly-Releasable Version. Washington, DC: Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, June 2016. PDF. Link.

Self-Driving Cars

Agents, Ontologies, Policies, and Visualization: Building Blocks for the Human-Machine Interfaces of the Future. Meetup of the Silicon Valley Autonomous Vehicle Enthusiasts, 17 March 2016. Link. Video.

Bradshaw to chair new Nissan advisory board. IHMC News, 17 February 2016. Link.

Bradshaw, J. M. and Matt Johnson. Lessons learned in the theory and practical application of Human-Agent-Robot Teamwork. Invited presentation at the University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany, 17 February 2016. Video.

New Scientific Advisory Council to assist at Nissan Research Center - Silicon Valley. Nissan News Release, 12 March 2014. Link.

Meet to listen and discuss Dr. Bradshaw’s “Seven Deadly Myths of Autonomous Systems.” Meetup of the Silicon Valley Autonomous Vehicle Enthusiasts, 28 March 2013. Link.

Perspectives on Artificial Intelligence

Final Report of the Defense Science Board Summer Study on Autonomy. Publicly-Releasable Version. Washington, DC: Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, June 2016. PDF. Link.

Bradshaw, Jeffrey M. “The Future Isn’t What It Used To Be: Artificial Intelligence Meets Natural Stupidity.” Presentation at Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, 9 June 2016. Video.

Bradshaw, J.M. From knowledge science to symbiosis science. Invited paper for special issue on “Twenty-Five years of Knowledge Acquisition”, International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 71:2 (2012) 171–176. PDF. Brian Gaines BRETAM diagram.